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Wim Leers: Eaton & Urbina: structured, intelligent and adaptive content

zo, 2015/06/21 - 8:08pm

While walking, I started listening to Jeff Eaton’s Insert Content Here podcast episode 25: Noz Urbina Explains Adaptive Content. People must’ve looked strangely at me because I was smiling and nodding — while walking :) Thanks Jeff & Noz!

Jeff Eaton explained how the web world looks at and defines the term WYSIWYG. Turns out that in the semi-structured, non-web world that Noz comes from, WYSIWYG has a totally different interpretation. And they ended renaming it to what it really was: WYSIWOO.

Jeff also asked Noz what “adaptive content” is exactly. Adaptive content is a more specialized/advanced form of structured content, and in fact “structured content”, “intelligent content” and “adaptive content” form a hierarchy:

  • structured content
    • intelligent content
      • adaptive content

In other words, adaptive content is also intelligent and structured; intelligent content is also structured, but not all structured content is also intelligent or adaptive, nor is all intelligent content also adaptive.

Basically, intelligent content better captures the precise semantics (e.g. not a section, but a product description). Adaptive content is about using those semantics, plus additional metadata (“hints”) that content editors specify, to adapt the content to the context it is being viewed in. E.g. different messaging for authenticated versus anonymous users, or different nuances depending on how the visitor ended up on the current page (in other words: personalization).

Noz gave an excellent example of how adaptive content can be put to good use: he described how we he had arrived in Utrecht in the Netherlands after a long flight, “checked in” to Utrecht on Facebook, and then Facebook suggested to him 3 open restaurants, including cuisine type and walking distance relative to his current position. He felt like thanking Facebook for these ads — which obviously is a rare thing, to be grateful for ads!

Finally, a wonderful quote from Noz Urbina that captures the essence of content modeling:

How descriptive do we make it without making it restrictive?

If it isn’t clear by now — go listen to that podcast! It’s well worth the 38 minutes of listening. I only captured a few of the interesting points, to get more people interested and excited.1

What about adaptive & intelligent content in Drupal 8?

First, see my closely related article Drupal 8: best authoring experience for structured content?.

Second, while listening, I thought of many ways that Drupal 8 is well-prepared for intelligent & adaptive content. (Drupal already does structured content by means of Field API and the HTML tag restrictions in the body field.) Implementing intelligent & adaptive will surely require experimentation, and different sites/use cases will prefer different solutions, but:

  • An intelligent_content module for Drupal 8: allow site builders/content strategists to define custom HTML tags (e.g. <product_description>) to capture site-specific semantics. A CKEditor Widget could hugely simplify the authoring experience for creating intelligent content, by showing a specific HTML representation while editing (WYSIWOO!), thanks to HTML (Twig) templates associated with those custom HTML tags.
  • An adaptive_content module for Drupal 8: a text filter that allows any tag to be wrapped in a <adaptive_content> tag, which specifies the context in which the wrapped content should be shown/hidden.
  • The latter leads to cacheability problems, because the same content may be rendered in a multitude of different ways, but thanks to cache contexts in Drupal 8 and the fact that text filters can specify cache contexts means adaptive content that is still cacheable is perfectly possible. (This is in fact exactly what it was intended for!) cache contexts

I think that those two modules would be very interesting, useful additions to the Drupal ecosystem. If you are working on this, please let me know — I would love to help!

  1. That’s right, this is basically voluntary marketing for Jeff Eaton — you’re welcome, Jeff! 

  • Drupal
  • structured content

Blue Drop Shop: Camp Record Beta Test Four: DrupalCamp STL 2015

zo, 2015/06/21 - 5:58pm

Following a successful MidCamp and with some new ideas how to improve the kit, I was eager to hit the road for more testing. Problem is, I'm a freelancer with a limited budget, and getting to camps comes out of my own pocket. On a lark, I tweeted the following:

Planning a #drupalcamp and need your sessions recorded? Sponsor me & I will record your sessions. Ping me! #drupal /cc @drupalstl @tcdrupal

— Kevin Thull (@kevinjthull) April 8, 2015

To my delight, both Twin Cities and St. Louis camps took me up on my offer. Of course, the stakes are even higher now, because it's no longer my own money on the line.

But I'm also feeling more confident about this solution and improve on the process with each camp. Connecting to non-HDMI-capable laptops remains the biggest challenge overall. I've added in a couple (full) DisplayPort to HDMI converters and even successfully tested a new VGA to HDMI converter that got my ancient Sony VAIO to display on my home flatscreen:

The new VGA to HDMI converter shows promise. My ancient Sony Vaio WinXP laptop just connected! #drupalcamp

— Kevin Thull (@kevinjthull) June 16, 2015

And at DrupalCamp STL I finally got the 100% success rate that I've been shooting for! Three sessions needed fixing in post, but overall, this camp went very smoothly. A huge bonus was the fact that the two rooms were next to each other, minimizing the distance to cover when trying to coordinate laptop hookups and verify timely starts and stops of the records.

Twin Cities is next week, with a much more challenging schedule: five concurrent sessions across two buildings and multiple floors. My Fitbit will likely hit a new high. That, and I need to finally get down to some documentation and podium signage. It's time to share the knowledge I've gained and get more hands and minds involved.

And now for the learnings from DCSTL:

  • swapping thumb drives throughout the day means recordings can be posted during camp
  • well-timed presenter starts/stops means no trimming, which means more recordings can be posted during camp
  • one room had screen flicker and setting the PVR resolution to 1080 helped (typically, the resolution needs to come down to 720 for this, as well as fixing color shifts)
  • having extra SD cards means bad audio can be fixed during down times, which means more recordings can be posted during camp
  • power strips at the podium shouldn't be assumed, and the powered USB hub and voice recorder both have short plugs
  • never plug the powered usb into the laptop, because that can kill your record if resolution changes or the laptop goes to sleep
  • taping down individual components means less cord chaos throughout the day
  • access to ethernet port with a reasonably large pipe going up will get videos posted faster

Drupal core announcements: Requiring hook_update_N() for Drupal 8 core patches beginning June 24

za, 2015/06/20 - 2:58am

In [policy, no patch] Require hook_update_N() for Drupal 8 core patches beginning June 24, the Drupal 8 release managers outline a policy to begin requiring hook_update_N() implementations for core patches that introduce data model changes starting after the next beta release. The goal of this policy change is to start identifying common update use-cases, to uncover any limitations we have for providing update functions in core, and to prepare core developers for considering upgrade path issues as we create the last few betas and first release candidates of Drupal 8. We need your help reviewing and communicating about this proposed policy, as well as identifying core issues that will be affected. Read the issue for more details.


Drupal Association News: Updates to our 2015 Financial Plan

vr, 2015/06/19 - 8:41pm

I want to share today that the Association is implementing a new financial plan to address lower than anticipated revenues in 2015. To align our spending more closely with our revenue, we are implementing expense cuts that I’m very sorry to say include staffing. Regrettably, we are losing three staff people today from operations, engineering and our community teams. This was not a decision we came to lightly, and we’re committed to helping those staff through their transition as best we can. In this post I want to share some information about how we got here, and our revised plan.

A Brief history

This is a really hard post to write because we delivered a plan to the community at the beginning of 2015, and it’s clear that we are not going to be able to fully execute to that plan. I take responsibility for that.

I started at the Association two and half years ago, at a very different time for the organization. At that point in early 2013, the Association was a handful of staff, mostly focused on the DrupalCons. The D7 upgrade of had been halted. Not without some good reason, community trust in the Association was low, and that’s among the people who even knew the Association existed.

When I joined, the message I heard from the board and from the many community members I talked to was that the Association had to learn to implement consistently and communicate more. In other words, we needed to build our credibility in the community by executing our work well and making sure the community knew what we were up to and how to get involved.

One thing that was clear from the outset was that was key to our success. If we could not begin to make visible improvements to with the community, we would fail. With support from the board, we decided to invest our healthy reserve in ourselves and build a team that could improve As our CTO Josh Mitchel pointed out in his anniversary blog post, we’ve done a LOT on We’ve also made great strides in DrupalCons, introducing more first-time attendee support, providing more resources to all the sprints, and adding the third Con in global communities that are so eager to have us there. Our marketing team has helped create some key content for Drupal 8 and we’ve even raised over $210,000 to help fund the completion of D8 release blockers, The revenue we generate to do this work has also increased, and diversified. We've grown the Drupal Jobs, and rolled out Try Drupal. You can see, even with our revised expectations for 2015, that things are still growing. One of our key programs, Supporting Partners, is up 26% over this same time period last year, for example. Growth of this program was only 4% in 2014.


So lots of amazing things are happening, but we have to address that we overestimated what was possible for revenue. We have to adjust our plan to meet reality.

Changing the Plan

Addressing our situation is not work we took lightly. We set several goals for the process that guided our thinking throughout:

  • Solve for short-term revenue shortfalls while retaining resources we need to succeed long-term
  • Minimize staff impact
  • Do this once - find the scenario we can truly sustain, and then grow out of
  • Retaining credibility with staff and ensuring we communicate how valuable they are for our future
  • Maintain community confidence

The strategy we used was two-fold. First, we strove to preserve our core services to the community and our ability to fund our own work. Second, we decided to take action as quickly as possible because the sooner we made changes to the plan, the greater the long-term benefit to the organization. We know that this second strategy makes some of this seem like it's out of the blue, but it means that we impact as few people as possible.

Our leadership team looked at three approaches to addressing our cash flow issues:

  • Incremental revenue: Our new forecast extends actuals from the beginning of 2015 out through the end of the year. We believe that it is possible for us to improve upon this forecast slightly because, although our primary mistake was overestimating revenue, we also had some staffing change-ups (a retirement, hiring new reps) on the team at the beginning of the year that adversely affected the numbers. There is some room to modestly improve our revenue from the forecast.
  • Non-labor expense: We looked at travel, consulting fees, hardware and software, among other places in the budget where we had built in buffers or non-essential expenses. Eliminating these now, and not carrying them into 2016 was a key part of our process.
  • Labor expense: This was the last option we looked at because at the end of the day, not only do all our staff give the community everything they’ve got, we really like each other here. I care deeply for the well-being of everyone at the Association. There is also lot of discussion in the business community about the long-term negative impacts of layoffs on organizations. We looked at lots of ways to reduce labor expense, but were not able to find a solution that did not include some layoffs.

Using this process, we were able to identify $450,000 in non-labor expense savings, and increase revenue projections $250,000 from July 1 2015 through December 31 2016. That was enough to solve our 2015 revenue shortfalls, but it did not address the issues long-term. We needed to reach deeper to ensure our long-term success. We had to consider labor reductions.

Prior to looking at any other staff, the leadership team at the Association decided that the first staff cut had to come from us. As a team, Megan, Joe, Josh, and Matt volunteered a 10% reduction, and I volunteered a 15% reduction. But we still weren’t there. Looking at the remaining labor cuts, we wanted to use our values as our guide. We know that our team believes in our teamwork value above all else, and would want to minimize layoffs as much as possible. With that in mind, we experimented with the model and determined that we could limit layoffs to three if we asked remaining staff to take a 5% pay cut across the board.

All told, here’s what measures look like:


We believe this approach meets our goals and puts us in the best position possible to continue the great work we’ve been doing.

What Happens Next?

On the financial front, we’ll be managing to our cash flow for the next 18 months, as well as modernizing our budgeting and forecasting tools to reflect an Agile methodology. This will let us see further into the future more often, and give us more opportunities to update our plans based on what’s actually happening. And, if we find we are performing favorably to our plan, our first action will be to restore salaries for our staff.

Most importantly, we’re going to be focused on our team. They all got the news earlier today, and we’re taking this time to talk things through all together, in our teams, and one on one. I am here to answer questions and hear concerns for every one of them. We’ll also implement monthly internal review of our progress to the new plan with staff so that they have transparency on a monthly basis about what’s happening. These people are the best thing we have going for us, and I won’t ever be able to make this up to any of them, but I am committed to helping them find the best path forward they can.

Thank you

Sharing this is not easy. The only thing that makes it better is knowing that the Association, like Drupal itself, has so much potential. I want to thank our Supporters, partners, sponsors, members, and the general community for everything you’ve given us so far. The only way we will realize our potential and move forward is together, and we are so happy that we get to do that with you.


LevelTen Interactive: Drupal 8: Marketer Friendly

vr, 2015/06/19 - 7:12pm

The digital marketing world keeps changing, basically every day, or whenever Google decides it’s time to change their algorithm. As a person who practices digital marketing, I know the challenges of working with a CMS and the need to for it to allow me to publish blog posts (like this one) easily and have it be mobile responsive, because who uses actual computers these days?... Read more


Vasily Yaremchuk: Anchors Panels Navigation Module as an Excellent Alternative to Single Page Website Module

vr, 2015/06/19 - 6:30pm

Several years ago I was working on my personal Web site. Even in that time One Page solutions were very popular for some presentation, personal or CV pages.

The main idea of such approach to put all information on one long page with several link anchors corresponding some separate sub-sections of this page.

In 2011 Single Page Website module was created. Initially my home page was done on the base of this module.

Single Page Website module is good out of box solution for Drupal beginners but it has a lot of weak points connected with it's architectural solution. Some more information about this module you can see in my report on Kiev Drupal Camp 2011.

Frustration due to Single Page Website module

It was my fault to build single page on the base of my custom solution without some prepared and ready to use approaches (Views or Panels for example) that can put several nodes or other content entities together on one page. And according incorrect architecture Single Page Website module has a lot of restrictions. The most significant one is theme restriction. Module works with limited number of themes. Also on the module there is out of box ability to have only one page with anchor navigation from menu.

So we should have only one language One Page Website. And the last frustrated feature of the module we should have anchors links in menu only without links to some internal or external pages.

New Approach based on Panels

I'm start working on the other solution about one year ago, see my post Anchors Panels Navigation Module. And now I have some stable version of Anchors Panels Navigation Module with no theme restriction and with manual anchor name management.

Of course, new approach is Panel based and it require several modules to be installed. Also to set One page website driven on Anchors Panels Navigation module takes more time than on the base Of Single Page Website one. But this solution more flexible. You can use several menus, and links in blocks and content for one page navigation. Also you can use this module to set on your site several Landing Pages and the number of such pages is not limited!

If you would like to set Landing Page solution on the base of Anchors Panels Navigation module you should do a lot of manual work in Drupal admin area.

  1. In addition to setup this module you should create node with type Panel and put several pieces of content in the panes.
  2. Set CSS IDs to each pane that should have #anchors. The name of #anchors will be equal to the names of CSS IDs.
  3. To set links in menu with #hashes. You can use absolute links to your site (like I use on my personal site) or use Void Menu Module (I think it is overkill approach).
  4. To make this menu fixed in the browser window. You can use Code per Node module or Floating Block module or, of course, put required CSS code directly in your theme.

After this steps Anchors Panels Navigation module module will take care about scroll to you anchors when visitors will click to the links and about #hash changing in browser address string. By the fact this new approach less complex than Single Page Website module. It has less PHP and JS code and cause less problems to the site developers I hope :-)

What will be the next step?

After one year of developing and using this module I find out that "Anchors Panels Navigation" is not good name for this module according marketing view. It reflects some architectural semantic core of the module but there is no any ideas about module applying in the name of the module. So I would like to ask Drupal community about better name for this module.

Other solutions

It is fair to mention some other solutions belong to the other developers.

There is Drupal Distribution One Page CV created by Ukrainian Drupal Developer Artem Shymko.

There is Single Page Site module developed by Belgium Drupal Developer Robin Ingelbrecht. This module has no theme restriction such as Single Page Website module but there is no ability do more than one Landing Page into one Drupal site also there is no anchors in address line that does not allow to send link on separate block in the One Page site. But in this module there is beautiful Next Page submodule, and it works perfect, see

Please let me know is there are some other Drupal based solutions that I should mention here.

Blog tags: Planet Drupal

Acquia: Drupal: Helping NGOs & Civil Society in Myanmar and beyond

vr, 2015/06/19 - 4:11pm
Language Undefined

When Tom Feichter told me he only gets to one Drupal event a year, I wanted to know why. When he told me it's because he runs a Drupal shop–mspiral creative media–in Yangon, Myanmar, I had to know more! We talked about Tom's history in Drupal, how Drupal's multilingual capabilities have helped him, how excited he is about Drupal 8's architecture, his history working with NGOs on the Thai/Burmese border and how that has flowed into ethical digital agency work, and more.


Code Karate: Drush: Getting started with Drush in Drupal

vr, 2015/06/19 - 3:35pm


Blink Reaction: Building Native Apps - Part 4

vr, 2015/06/19 - 3:00pm
Building native mobile apps with Ionic Framework and Drupal back-end: request data from Drupal Define app constants

Now we have a REST server from which we will get all required data for our application. First of all let’s define an Angular constant and store some configuration variables in it - for example, where we’ll we set the base url for services requests. In the app.js file, add a new constant method with that value.

gist link

Ionic Framework comes with a couple of useful directives that can help in app building. I decided to make one small user experience improvement: when categories list our article details page as loading, we should show a loading overlay to indicate progress. To do this, we will use the $ionicLoading service. To change its default options you must add another constant - $ionicLoadingConfig - to the app.js file.

gist link

Configure services

Previously, we had defined factories for categories and articles in the services.js file, but the endpoints were empty. Now we can set them. First of all, we have to transfer newly created config objects to the factories and prefix url property value in $http options object with config.serviceBaseUrl. We should also pass the page parameter to Categories get and Articles all methods to handle pagination. And finally we set endpoint variables. Here is the final services.js:

gist link

Complete templates

Now we should create templates for each tab using Ionic directives. Let’s look closer at the index.html file. Here we have a main Angular directive ng-app, which defines our app on a global scope; inside it we can see ion-nav-bar, the global dynamic navigation bar. Next to it there is the ion-nav-view directive; this helps to handle application routing according to the UI Router config in app.js. All template content should render inside this directive.

The first screen of our app is a tab with an all articles list, using the tab-articles template. Here we use ion-view to define the tab controller scope and set the title of this page with the view-title directive. Inside this view we set the container for content with ion-content. Inside it we set ion-list with an ion-item child. Also, we set the ng-repeat directive in ion-item. Angular should walk though all articles data and render each article with title and image; for image, we use ng-src directive instead of src attribute. At the bottom of ion-content we add ion-infiniteiscroll - it gives us an opportunity to portionally load more articles.

gist link

The template for the single category is very similar to the articles tab; the changes are in the link structure to the article details pages, and the view title, which in this case will be the name of the current category.

gist link

On the categories tab we should show the list of categories with the number of articles in each; the list item should be linked to a single category page.

gist link

The last template that we need is an article-details.html. Here, we will show the article image, title and body text. We use the ng-bind-html directive to render the body with its html markup, for example: paragraphs, lists, links etc..

gist link


Previously we have created empty controllers for all templates, so we will add the code for them now. We should start from more simple controllers: CategoriesCtrl and ArticleDetailCtrl. CategoriesCtrl are attached to the tab-categories template; we will pass the $ionicLoading service to it, to show data loading progress to user. Inside this controller we show a loading overlay calling the show method on $ionicLoading, and load categories list with Categories factory. All of our factories return promises, so after the call it method we then add the method in which we pass 2 functions: first will run on success, second on error. In this tutorial I route all error messages to the browser console.

gist link

ArticleDetailCtrl is the same, but here we get an article data by its id, which we get from the state parameter.

gist link

CategoryCtrl and ArticlesCtrl are similar so we define a loadMore function in them, that will try to load more articles on scrolling the page down and concatenating them with articles that have been already loaded. Then it will broadcast that the infinite scroll process was completed, and there are no additional results.

gist link

gist link

You can clone and try all this code from my github repository; to get code for this part, checkout the part4 branch(just run “git checkout -f part4”).

Test, build and compile

Before compiling and testing an app on an emulator or real device you may run it in the browser with command “ionic serve” from you project directory.

If the application worked fine in your browser you can test it in emulators, but first let’s add a platform to our project with command “ionic platform add android”, if you are using a Mac you can also add iOS platform with the command “ionic platform add ios”. Before running the app in emulator you must build it and run “ionic build android” (“ionic build ios” for iOS app). Then you can try the application in emulator by running “ionic emulate android” to emulate it in the native Android emulator that comes with Android SDK, or by running “ionic run android” to use the Genymotion emulator (it is faster and has a lot of device settings), which you can get here.

To emulate iOS you must work on Mac OS and run “ionic emulate ios”.

To build apps for production you must run

“cordova build --release android”

then navigate to project folder platforms/android/ant-build/ and generate a key to sign app -

“keytool -genkey -v -keystore starter-release-key.keystore -alias alias_name -keyalg RSA -keysize 2048 -validity 10000”

and sign your application -

“jarsigner -verbose -sigalg SHA1withRSA -digestalg SHA1 -keystore starter-release-key.keystore CordovaApp-release-unsigned.apk alias_name”.

To optimize your apk you should run

“zipalign -v 4 CordovaApp-release-unsigned.apk TutorialApp.apk”

and you will be ready for publishing the file TutorialApp.apk in Google Play. You can find more information about publishing available here.


In the next part of this series I will show how to integrate user authentication in your app with Drupal session login.

DrupalBest PracticesDrupal How toDrupal PlanetDrupal TrainingLearning SeriesPost tags: AppsIonic

Drupal core announcements: Recording from June 19th 2015 Drupal 8 critical issues discussion

vr, 2015/06/19 - 12:37pm

This was our fourth critical issues discussion meeting to be publicly recorded in a row. (See all prior recordings). This time to make discussions easier to follow for all of us, we switched to #drupal-contribute in IRC to post links, so those following real time can follow the links and we can just paste the meeting log here as well. Here is the recording of the meeting from today in the hope that it helps more than just those who were on the meeting:

Unfortunately not all people invited made it this time. If you also have significant time to work on critical issues in Drupal 8 and we did not include you, let me know as soon as possible.

The meeting log is as follows (all times are CEST real time at the meeting):

[11:07am] plach:
[11:07am] Druplicon: => FieldItemInterface methods are only invoked for SQL storage and are inconsistent with hooks [#2478459] => 93 comments, 19 IRC mentions
[11:07am] dawehner:
[11:07am] Druplicon: => Rewrite \Drupal\file\Controller\FileWidgetAjaxController::upload() to not rely on form cache [#2500527] => 34 comments, 6 IRC mentions
[11:08am] plach:
[11:08am] Druplicon: => Node revisions cannot be reverted per translation [#2453153] => 107 comments, 31 IRC mentions
[11:09am] jibran:
[11:10am] Druplicon: => Bypass form caching by default for forms using #ajax. [#2263569] => 219 comments, 35 IRC mentions
[11:11am] Fabianx-screen:
[11:11am] Druplicon: => Make block context faster by removing onBlock event and replace it with loading from a BlockContextManager [#2354889] => 66 comments, 13 IRC mentions
[11:11am] WimLeers:
[11:11am] Druplicon: => Condition plugins should provide cache contexts AND cacheability metadata needs to be exposed [#2375695] => 75 comments, 25 IRC mentions
[11:13am] GaborHojtsy: Fabianx-screen is talking about
[11:13am] Druplicon: => Make block context faster by removing onBlock event and replace it with loading from a BlockContextManager [#2354889] => 66 comments, 14 IRC mentions
[11:14am] WimLeers: No, he was talking about
[11:14am] Druplicon: => [meta] Page Cache Performance [#2501989] => 24 comments, 5 IRC mentions
[11:14am] WimLeers: (i.e. the very first part of what he said)
[11:14am] GaborHojtsy: (I directly copied the link he posted in hangouts :D)
[11:14am] WimLeers: lol ok :P
[11:16am] WimLeers:
[11:16am] Druplicon: => [meta] Finalize the cache contexts API & DX/usage, enable a leap forward in performance [#2429287] => 102 comments, 7 IRC mentions
[11:17am] WimLeers:
[11:17am] Druplicon: => Rendered Cache Metadata created during the main controller request gets lost [#2450993] => 35 comments, 14 IRC mentions
[11:18am] larowlan: GaborHojtsy: still working sorry, sent apology to dawehne_r this morning with my update
[11:18am] GaborHojtsy: larowlan: yeah jibran relayed that :)
[11:19am] GaborHojtsy:
[11:19am] Druplicon: => Twig placeholder filter should not map to raw filter [#2495179] => 53 comments, 7 IRC mentions
[11:20am] GaborHojtsy:
[11:20am] Druplicon: => [META] Results of testing on Drupal 7 in June 2015 [#2487972] => 18 comments, 5 IRC mentions
[11:21am] jibran:
[11:21am] Druplicon: => Node revisions cannot be reverted per translation [#2453153] => 107 comments, 32 IRC mentions
[11:31am] larowlan: jibran++
[11:31am] larowlan: GaborHojtsy++
[11:31am] GaborHojtsy: Fabianx-screen: what’s the issue link?
[11:33am] jibran:
[11:33am] dawehner:
[11:33am] Druplicon: => Arbitrary code execution via 'trans' extension for dynamic twig templates (when debug output is on) [#2489024] => 18 comments, 7 IRC mentions
[11:33am] Druplicon: => Move Drupal into subdirectory and get external dependencies/libraries out of the web-accessible path [#2508591] => 8 comments, 3 IRC mentions
[11:42am] dawehner:
[11:42am] Druplicon: => File inclusion in transliteration service [#2508654] => 17 comments, 2 IRC mentions
[11:43am] GaborHojtsy: dawehner: that one yeah
[11:43am] GaborHojtsy: running for 2 more months
[11:43am] jibran:
[11:43am] Druplicon: => drupal_html_id() considered harmful; remove ajax_html_ids to use GET (not POST) AJAX requests [#1305882] => 153 comments, 22 IRC mentions
[11:48am] dawehner:
[11:48am] Druplicon: => Rewrite views_ui_add_ajax_trigger() to not rely on /system/ajax. [#2500523] => 6 comments, 2 IRC mentions


Tyler Frankenstein: Headless Drupal with Angular JS and Bootstrap - Hello World

vr, 2015/06/19 - 8:50am

This tutorial describes how to build a very simple de-coupled Drupal web application powered by Angular JS and Bootstrap. The inspiration for writing this tutorial came after completing my first Angular JS module (angular-drupal), which of course is for Drupal!

To keep things simple, and in the spirit of "Hello World", the application will let us login using credentials from the Drupal website.

The complete code for this example app is available here:

Ready? Alright, let's go headless...


Lullabot: Project Management

do, 2015/06/18 - 9:56pm

In this week's Drupalize.Me podcast, hostess Amber Matz chats about all things Project Management with Seth Brown (COO at Lullabot) and Lullabot Technical Project Managers Jessica Mokrzecki and Jerad Bitner. To continue the conversation, check out Drupalize.Me's series on Project Management featuring interviews and insights from these fine folks and others at Lullabot.


DrupalCon News: Register for DrupalCon Barcelona

do, 2015/06/18 - 9:42pm

Registration is live! For those of you have been waiting to purchase your ticket to DrupalCon Barcelona, the time has come!


Open Source Training: Allow Users to Delete Their Drupal Accounts

do, 2015/06/18 - 8:40pm

It's good practice to allow users to leave your site completely.

That means users should be able to delete their account entirely, together with all the data associated with it.

In Drupal, you can allow users to delete their accounts. Here's how the feature works:


Drupal Association News: My Week at DrupalCon, part 2

do, 2015/06/18 - 8:30pm

Part 1 of My Week at DrupalCon

Part 2:

As our community grows, so do our programs.  This year in addition to hosting trainings and both the Community Summit and Business Summit, we offered a Higher-Ed Summit at DrupalCon.  As soon as it was announced folks clamored to sign up, and the tickets sold out at a rapid pace.  We at the Drupal Association feel like this is a great example of how the growing variety of offerings at DrupalCon illustrates the increasing diversity of our community’s interests and skillsets.

The Higher-Ed Summit was a huge hit and that was due largely in part to the efforts of the Summit Leads, Christina and Shawn.  They worked hard to understand what the Higher-Ed community wanted and needed from the Summit and strategized to provide it down to the last detail.  Their planning and experience were integral to the popularity of the event, and we look forward to working with these awesome volunteers again in the future.    

Maybe I’m naive or a wide-eyed optimist, but meeting and speaking to people from all over the world is invigorating and exciting to me. Throughout the course of DrupalCon I had the opportunity to meet with community organizers from near and far. While it’s true that many attendees came from the United States and Canada, there were also organizers who came from as far away as Latin America, Europe, India, and Japan, and talked about how Drupal has affected their communities and their livelihoods.  It is always such a pleasure to see Drupal changing lives and bringing opportunities for personal growth and business everywhere.  

After an exhausting week of keynotes, and BOFs, and meetings, and dinners, I launched into the sprints on Friday with the purpose of understanding Drupal more.  I always enjoy discussing Drupal’s unique qualities with developers, site-builders, and themers, but this DrupalCon I really wanted to engage in more than just conversations.  I wanted to experience what it is like to directly develop and work with Drupal.  At the Friday sprints, my friend and new mentor Amy agreed to sit down with me and help me put together my own blog, run on a Drupal website.  During the process, I realized that there is no better way to start to understand the complexity of Drupal than to use the product myself.  

When learning to use Drupal in the sprint, I realized that we really are about fostering a friendly, inclusive, and diverse community. We talk the talk and we walk the walk.  Amy sat down with me and patiently showed me step-by-step how to start my site.  We picked a hosting site, domain name, downloaded Drupal, and began the process of organizing our modules and features. Finally, I started to really get it, which was incredibly exciting. Both personally and professionally, it meant a lot to me that someone would take the time to help me on my journey. It really brought home the fact that Drupalers genuinely care, are excited and willing to share knowledge, and have fun while doing it.  

DrupalCon Los Angeles was a spectacular event.  I feel like this blog wouldn’t be a proper message from LShey without some shout-outs and kudos, so please join me in celebrating others. I’d like to say out a big thank you to our talented Events team at the Drupal Association for organizing a seamless and beautiful event.  Thank you to our sponsors who help us put on this event with their support.  Thank you to our dedicated volunteers: whether you were a sprint-mentor, room-monitor, or speaker, your time and expertise is appreciated and valued.  Our volunteers truly make DrupalCon a wonderful event.  I’d like to share a special shout-out to the team who keeps us all informed, too: thank you to Alex and Paul for running the @drupalconna twitter handle.  Thank you to Emma Jane, who was our MC this DrupalCon, and who engaged our keynote speakers with witty and thoughtful interviews.  Lastly, thank you to you all, our community.  DrupalCon would not be the same without you.  I’m looking forward to seeing you all at the next one!  

Drupal on, 

Lauren Shey
Community Outreach Coordinator
Drupal Association


Acquia: How Improved Their Page Load Times

do, 2015/06/18 - 7:07pm

In November, 2014 launched on Drupal and became one of the highest trafficked websites in the world to launch on an open-source content management system (CMS). Mediacurrent and Acquia are excited to announce a new, 3-part blog post series that will share insight around how was migrated to Drupal. Our team of experts will share best practices and what lessons we learned during the project.

There's an old saying, “Everyone talks about the weather, but nobody does anything about it.” While we are a long way from controlling the weather, has done a spectacular job of delivering accurate weather news, as rapidly as possible, to all kinds of devices.

This is a small miracle, especially when you consider served up a billion requests during its busiest week. Even slow weeks require delivering hundreds of dynamic maps and streaming video to at least 30 million unique users in over three million forecast locations. The site has to remain stable with instantaneous page loads and 100 percent uptime, despite traffic bumps of up to 300 percent during bad weather.

Page load times are the key to their business and their growth. When The Weather Channel's legacy CMS showed signs of strain, they came to Drupal.

On their legacy platform, was tethered to a 50 percent cache efficiency. Their app servers were taking on far too much of the work. The legacy platform ran on 144 origin servers across three data centers. It takes all that muscle to keep up with the number of changes that are constantly happening across the site.

Traditionally, when you have a highly trafficked site, you put a content delivery network (CDN) in front of it and call it a day. The very first time a page is requested, the CDN fetches it from the origin server and then caches it to serve to all future requestors.

Unfortunately, it doesn't work that way for a site like

Consider this: If a user in Austin visits a forecast page, they see a certain version of that page. A visitor from Houston sees a slightly different version of that page. Not only are there two different versions of the page, one for each location, but much of the information on the page is only valid for about five minutes.

At the scale of three million locations, that's a lot of pages that have to rebuild on an ongoing basis only to be cached for 5 minutes each. Couple this with the fact that the number of served locations kept increasing as developers worked on the site, and you can see that things are rapidly getting out of control.

The first thing we did was break up the page into pieces that have longer or shorter life spans based on the time-sensitivity of the content. That allowed us to identify the parts of the pages that were able to live longest and that we could serve to the majority of users. The parts that varied, we no longer change on the origin servers, but instead delegate to systems closer to the user where they actually vary.

To accomplish that trick, we switched to a service-oriented architecture and client side rendering, using Angular.js, ESI (Edge Side Includes), and some Drupal magic. The combination of these three components boosted cache efficiency, page performance, and reduced the required number of servers to deliver it.

The result? After launch, we showed a 90 percent cache efficiency. In other words, in going from 50 to 90% cache efficiency they reduced the number of hits to the origin servers, which means that you need fewer of them. Post launch, we were able to increase cache efficiency even further.

This cache efficiency was also measured only at the edge. Varnish (a caching proxy) further reduced the amount of traffic, meaning that Drupal itself and the Varnish stack were serving less than 4 percent of their requested traffic. The benefits of the service-oriented architecture also mean that scaling is simpler, architectural changes are less painful, and the end user can experience a richer user experience.

Doing something about the weather is still way out on the horizon, but can certainly claim that it has improved the delivery of weather news.

Tags:  acquia drupal planet

Lullabot: Drupal 8 Theming Fundamentals, Part 2

do, 2015/06/18 - 7:00pm

In our last post on Drupal 8 theming fundamentals, we learned to set up a theme and add our CSS and JavaScript. This time around we’re talking about the Twig templating engine, how to add regions to our theme, and then finish with a look at the wonderful debugging available in Drupal 8.

Categorieën: Upcasting menu parameters in Drupal 8

do, 2015/06/18 - 6:06pm
Menu upcasting means converting a menu argument to anything. It can be an object or an array. In this article, we will look at how it used to be done in Drupal 7 codebase & how should we port this into Drupal 8 codebase.
Lets take an example of the following code in Drupal 7: function my_module_menu() { $items['node/%my_menu/mytab'] = array( // ... // ... ); }

Drupal Watchdog: Small Sites, Big Drupal

do, 2015/06/18 - 5:58pm

In a much-analyzed 2013 interview with Computerworld, Drupal founder and “benevolent dictator” Dries Buytaert laid out a future path for the software focused squarely on enterprise clients (see also “Will the Revolution be Drupalized?”). While small sites had their place, Buytaert asserted, “I think we just need to say we’re more about big sites.” With Drupal 8, he concluded, “I really think we can say we’ve built the best CMS for enterprise systems.”[1]

Where does this bright future leave the smaller sites that up till now have formed the mainstay of Drupal adopters?

What’s in the Pipe

Drupal 8 is not all bad news for smaller sites; there are many new features and enhancements that should lower or eliminate some previous barriers.

  • More in core Many areas of key functionality that previously required downloading, installing, and configuring modules and other dependencies now will work out of the box. Case in point: WYSIWYG editing.
  • UI improvements A lot of customization that previously required specialized modules or custom code is now exposed via the core admin interface.

That said, there are signs of trouble ahead:

Hosting Barriers

Drupal 7 performance already pushed the limits of the typical, inexpensive, shared hosting that most small sites rely on. And Drupal 8? Watch out. It has what Drupal 8 maintainer Nathaniel Catchpole frankly called “an embarrassingly high memory requirement.”[2] Yes, memory issues can be addressed through solutions like reverse proxy caching or pushing search indexing to Solr. But those options are precisely the ones that are missing from the vast majority of shared hosts.

DIYers Beware

Small Drupal sites have benefited from the ease of dabbling in Drupal development. Drupal 8, in contrast, has been rewritten from the ground up with professional programmers in mind. Dependency injection, anyone?


Phase2: Developer Soft Skills Part 1: Online Research

do, 2015/06/18 - 5:32pm
Developer Soft Skills

One of my earliest jobs was customer service for a call center. I worked for many clients that all had training specific to their service. No matter the type of training, whether technical or customer oriented, soft skills were always a included. Margaret Rouse said, “Soft skills are personal attributes that enhance an individual’s interactions, career prospects and job performance. Unlike hard skills, which tend to be specific to a certain type of task or activity, soft skills are broadly applicable.”

In this blog series I will be discussing what I call “developer soft skills.” The hard skills in development are (among others) logic, languages, and structure. Developer soft skills are those that help a developer accomplish their tasks outside of that knowledge. I will be covering the following topics:

  • Online research
  • Troubleshooting
  • Enhancing/Customizing
  • Integrating
  • Architecting
Part 1: Online Research

One of the first skills a developer should master is online researching. This is an area with some controversy (which will be discussed later) but a necessary skill for learning about new technologies, expanding your knowledge, and solving problems.

One of the best reasons for research is continuous education. For many professions (such as the military, education and medical fields) continuing education is required to keep up on updated information, concepts, and procedures. As a developer, continuing to grow our skill set helps us develop better projects by using better code, better tools, and better methods.

Search engine queries

When researching a topic on the internet it usually involves using a search engine. Understanding how a search engine works and how to get to the results.There are two parts to how a search engine works. Part one is data collection and indexing. Part two is searching or querying that index. I will be focusing on how to write the best possible query, to learn more about how search collect and index data see this link. In order to write good queries we should understand how search engines respond to what we type into the search box. Early search results were rendered based on simple (by today’s standards) comparison of search terms to indexed page word usage and boolean logic. Since then search engines have started to use natural language queries.

So we can get better results by using this to our advantage. If I wanted to research how to make a calendar with the Java programming language. instead of searching for keywords and distinct ideas “java -script calendar” by them selves; use natural language to include phraseology and context in our queries: “how can I make a calendar with java”. The first result from the keyword search returns a reference to the Java Calendar class. The first result from the second query return example code on writing a calendar in Java. The better the query the better the results.

Search result inspection

Once we have the right query we can then turn our attention to the results. One of the first things I do is limit the results to a date range. This prevents results from the previous decade (or earlier) to be displayed with more recent and applicable ones. Another way to focus our search is to limit the site that the search takes place on. If we know we want to search for a jQuery function search

Once we have filtered our results, it’s time for further inspection. When viewing a results page, the first thing I look for is the context of the article or post. Does the author and/or site have a lot of ads? This can sometimes mean that the site is more about making money then providing good answers. Does the page have links or other references to related topic or ideas? This can show if the author is knowledgeable in the subject matter.

The controversy

Earlier I mentioned online researching can be a controversial topic. One of the points of controversy is discussed in Scott Hanselman’s blog post, Am I really a developer or just a good googler? While I agree with his major point, that researching bad code can be dangerous, I contend that using a search engine can produce good results and learning opportunities.

Almost anytime you search for any programming topic, one site or group of sites is predominant in almost every result: Stack Overflow or the Stack Exchange group of sites. Several articles have been written about reasons not to use, consequence of using and why some developers no longer use Stack Overflow. Using Stack Overflow will not solve all your problems or make you a better developer.

Again, these arguments make some good points. But I think that using Stack Overflow correctly, just like good use of search engines, can produce good results. Using a Stack Exchange site comes with the benefit of community. These sites have leveraged Stack Exchange Q&A methodology for their specific topic or technology and can be a great resource on how to solve a problem within the bounds of that community. One of my development mentors told me that there were thousands of ways to solve a programming problem and usually several wrong ones. The key is to not do one of the wrong ones and try to find one of the best ones. Searching within a Stack exchange site for answers can highlight the wrong ones but also provide the ones that work best in that system.

Here is an example of a Stack Overflow Drupal community response that came up when I searched for: “drupal create term programmatically.”

This response is correct, but if you look at the link provided, you will see this is for Drupal 6. If you were looking for how to do this in Drupal 7, for instance, the answer provided would not be correct. We could have improved our results by adding “Drupal 7″ to our query. But most important is to keep in mind that sites like Stack Overflow, or other community sites such as include a mix of user generated responses. Meaning anyone can respond without being vetted.

Keep going

The best piece of advice I can offer for the arguments against using online search results and Stack Overflow is: “This is not the end.” Keep going past the result and research the answer. Don’t just copy and paste the code. Don’t just believe the top rated answer or blog post. Click the references sited, search the function or api calls that are in the answer, and make the research a part of your knowledge. And then give back by writing about your article or posting your own answers. Answering questions can sometimes be just as powerful a learning tool as searching for them.

In the end, anything you find through search, blog, and code sites should be considered a suggestion as one way of solving a problem – not necessarily the solution to your concern.

In the next post I will discuss a good use case for Stack Exchange sites, Developer Soft Skills Part 2: Troubleshooting.

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