We live in an age of Drupal complexity. In the early days of Drupal, many developers would have a single Drupal instance/environment (aka copy) that was their production site, where they would test out new modules and develop new functionality. Developing on the live website however sometimes met with disastrous consequences when things went wrong! Over time, technology on the web grew, and nowadays it's fairly standard to have a Drupal project running on multiple environments to allow site development to be run in parallel to a live website without causing disruptions. New functionality is developed first in isolated private copies of the website, put into a testing environment where it is approved by clients, and eventually merged into the live production site.
While multiple environments allow for site development without causing disruptions on the live production website, it introduces a new problem; how to ensure consistency between site copies so that they are all working with the correct code.
This series of articles will explore the Configuration API, how it enables functionality to be migrated between multiple environments (sites), and ways of using the Configuration API with contributed modules to effectively manage the configuration of a project. This series will consist of the following posts:
- Part 1: The Configuration API
- Part 2: How the API works
- Part 3: Using the API
- Part 4: Extending the API with contributed modules
- Part 5: Module developers and the API
This article will focus specifically on how developers can manage, declare, and debug configuration in their custom modules.Configuration Schema
Configuration schema describes the type of configuration a module introduces into the system. Schema definitions are used for things like translating configuration and its values, for typecasting configuration values into their correct data types, and for migrating configuration between systems. Having configuration in the system is not as helpful without metadata that describes what the configuration is. Configuration schemas define the configuration items.
Any module that introduces any configuration into the system MUST define the schema for the configuration the module introduces.
Configuration schema definitions are declared in [MODULE ROOT]/config/schema/[MODULE NAME].schema.yml, where [MODULE NAME] is the machine name of the module. Schema definitions may define one or multiple configuration objects. Let's look at the configuration schema for the Restrict IP module for an example. This module defines a single configuration object, restrict_ip.settings:
label: 'Restrict IP settings'
label: 'Enable module'
label: 'Contact mail address to show to blocked users'
label: 'Log blocked access attempts'
label: 'Allow IP blocking to be bypassed by roles'
label: 'Action to perform for blocked users when bypassing by role is enabled'
label: 'Whether to use a path whitelist, blacklist, or check all pages'
label: 'Whether to use a whitelist, blacklist, or neither for countries'
label: 'A colon separated list of countries that should be white/black listed'
The above schema defines the config object restrict_ip.settings which is of type config_object (defined in core.data_types.schema.yml).
When this module is enabled, and the configuration is exported, the filename of the configuration will be restrict_ip.settings.yml. This object has the keys enable, mail_address, dblog etc. The schema tells what type of value is to be stored for each of these keys, as well as the label of each key. Note that this label is automatically provided to Drupal for translation.
The values can be retrieved from the restrict_ip.settings object as follows:
$enable_module = \Drupal::config('restrict_ip.settings')->get('enable');
$mail_address = \Drupal::config('restrict_ip.settings')->get('mail_address');
$log = \Drupal::config('restrict_ip.settings')->get('dblog');
Note that modules defining custom fields, widgets, and/or formatters must define the schema for those plugins. See this page to understand how the schema definitions for these various plugins should be defined.Default configuration values
If configuration needs to have default values, the default values can be defined in [MODULE ROOT]/config/install/[CONFIG KEY].yml where [CONFIG KEY] is the configuration object name. Each item of configuration defined in the module schema requires its own YML file to set defaults. In the case of the Restrict IP module, there is only one config key, restrict_ip.settings, so there can only be one file to define the default configuration, restrict_ip/config/install/restrict_ip.settings.yml. This file will then list the keys of the configuration object, and the default values. In the case of the Restrict IP module, the default values look like this:
As can be seen, each of the mapped keys of the restrict_ip.settings config_object in the schema definition are added to this file, with the default values provided for each key. If a key does not have a default value, it can be left out of this file. When the module is enabled, these are the values that will be imported into active configuration as defaults.Debugging Configuration
When developing a module, it is important to ensure that the configuration schema accurately describes the configuration used in the module. Configuration can be inspected using the Configuration Inspector module. After enabling your custom module, visit the reports page for the Configuration Inspector at /admin/reports/config-inspector, and it will list any errors in configuration.
The Configuration Inspector module errors in configuration schema definitions
Clicking on 'List' for items with errors will give more details as to the error.
The 'enable' key has an error in schema. The stored value is a boolean, but the configuration definition defines a string
Using the Configuration Inspector module, you can find where you have errors in your configuration schema definitions. Cleaning up these errors will correctly integrate your module with the Configuration API. In the above screenshot, then type of data in the active schema is a boolean, yet the configuration schema defines it as a string. The solution is to change the schema definition to be a boolean.Summary
In this final article of this series on the Drupal 8 Configuration API, we looked at configuration schema, how developers can define this schema in their modules and provide defaults, as well as how to debug configuration schema errors. Hopefully this series will give you a fuller understanding of what the Configuration API is, how it can be managed, and how you can use it effectively in your Drupal projects. Happy Drupaling!
Before I dive into our Mental Health Initiative, I'll tell you how it came to exist. Leading up to our annual team retreat, I send a team survey to discover what excites or worries people. The questions change year to year, but here are what appear to be the perennial questions. I'll include the majority response from the team to each item as well.
Our normally scheduled call to chat about all things Drupal and nonprofits will happen tomorrow, Thursday, May 15, at 1pm ET / 10am PT. (Convert to your local time zone.)
Feel free to share your thoughts and discussion points ahead of time in our collaborative Google doc: https://nten.org/drupal/notes
We have an hour to chat so bring your best Drupal topics and let's do this thing!
Some examples to get your mind firing: how do I recreate [feature] on my Drupal 7 site in Drupal 8? I need to explain [complicated thing] to a non-technical stakeholder -- any advice? How can I get Drupal and my CRM to play nicely?
This free call is sponsored by NTEN.org but open to everyone.
- Join the call: https://www.uberconference.com/ntencommunity
- Optional dial in number: (866) 853-1888
- Alternate number: (720) 689-1432
- Follow along on Google Docs: https://nten.org/drupal/notes
- Follow along on Twitter: #npdrupal
Recently, Acquia has acquired Mautic, an open source marketing automation platform. With this acquisition, Acquia is planning on disrupting the market and its closed technology stack competitors in the automation market. Acquia is a leading provider of digital experience solutions based on open source software Drupal. Now, Acquia product offering will be complemented by the newly acquired automation and campaign management platform, further adding more value proposition to the solutions offered by Acquia. This will provide marketers with a seamless experience, from designing and managing websites, to managing and tweaking communication campaigns across different platforms and digital channels. It seems that Acquia is dead set on making the future of marketing open source.
Here at Sooperthemes we're very excited about this move, because we've been interested in Mautic's development from the beginning and are looking forward to a closer Drupal integration.
Marketing automation is an emerging term in the marketing community. It promises solutions to age-old challenges that marketers face in their daily jobs. But what exactly is marketing automation?What is marketing automation?
Marketing automation refers to software that aims to automate repetitive tasks. For example marketing involves a lot of repetitive tasks such as qualifying leads, emailing, social media posting and other editorial actions. Marketing automation helps to reduce the workload and makes it easier to bring those tasks to completion in a fast and efficient way.Reasons for using marketing automation
Marketers can use automation paired with inbound marketing to increase the amount of qualified leads. Furthermore, it is easier to drive qualified leads through the sales funnel. Qualified leads have a lower churn rate than unqualified ones. Moreover, when it comes to nurturing these leads, it can involve loads of mundane tasks, which takes time and is inefficient. However, by using marketing automation, it frees precious time for the marketer to be able to undertake more strategic tasks.Comparison of marketing automation software
HubSpot, Marketo, Pardot and Mautic are major players in the marketing automation market. In this article, there is going to be presented a comparison between the 4 automation platforms.HubSpot
HubSpot is a sales and marketing automation platform that is an all-rounder right out of the box. Out of the box, HubSpot is checking all the requirements for the most common tasks. Furthermore, it has unrivaled training, support and content. It also offers an easy to use interface for marketers, which is easy to use for even the most non-tech savvy of employees. A drawback of using HubSpot is that the contract is for at least 12 months, essentially locking up the customers to use the product. Furthermore, the pricing is also based on contacts, which can increase steeply. On top of that it also has some social media limitation when posting or tagging.Marketo
Marketo is the marketing automation solution from Adobe. It was acquired by Adobe in October 2019. Marketo has a starting price of $895 per month. It is a great mid-range solution for companies which require a robust solution but don’t want to spend more than necessary. As its drawbacks, it has a poor landing page and form builder. On top of that, it has limited reporting and analysis functionality. Furthermore, there are steep increases in prices for just some added features.Pardot
Pardot is the marketing automation and lead management solution from Salesforce. It has a starting price of $1250 for the most basic package. It allows marketing and sales teams to create and deploy online marketing campaigns in an easy and intuitive way. On top of that, Pardot brings the power to visually test the campaigns that are built, from the perspective of the client. On top of that, with the power of automation and segmentation, Pardot brings the power of smart lead management and generation to the table. Essentially giving the user the capability to nurture a lead based on different triggers that are activated during his customer journey on your website. Drawbacks of the platform include the fact that it lacks the tools for social media management. Furthermore, for A/B testing, user have to get the PRO subscription starting at 2000$ per month that is billed annually.Mautic
Mautic has recently been acquired by Aqcuia. The goal here is to deliver the first ever open source marketing cloud to the market. Mautic is an open source software with that has self hosting capabilities. What this means is that companies that are using it, will not have to outsource the servers from the software providing company. This gives the users an increased sense of security, since the data will not be stored on different servers other than their own. On top of that, being open source, the code is available for everyone to see. This means that people have the flexibility to contribute and adapt the code to best suit their business or personal needs. On top of that, Mautic has a great degree of integration, making it easy to integrate with different content management systems such as Drupal, WordPress, Joomla, TYPO3, etc.
One drawback that Mautic encounters is the fact that the installation process can be tricky for a person that is not working in the IT department. This coupled with the fact that Mautic does not have the best available documentation to guide the user to the process, can result in a frustrating experience.Here is a visual comparison of the features provided by each platform:
Personalize web content
Bi-directional CRM syncing
Given the fact that the forecast for the marketing automation market is going to grow and reach $32.6 billion by 2024, it’s safe to say that marketing automation is a growing trend. What this means is that more and more companies will start adopting marketing automation means in order to better and more efficiently fulfill daunting marketing task. Now, with the knowledge of the most important players in the field, you have taken the first step towards an automated future.
The Drupal Event Organizers Group had a very productive DrupalCon Seattle (look for a blog post soon) and is taking the momentum from our in-person meetings to keep the initiative moving forward. Our next step is to create an official charter (similar to that of the CWG) to solidify our mission, process, and membership.
To that end, the Event Organizers Group is putting out a call for members of our Formation Board. This small group will be tasked with drafting a charter, reviewing it with the larger group, and then getting approval from our BDFL within the next few months.
We have representation from the US, and our immediate need is for members across the globe. If you're passionate about event organizing in your area and would like to be involved, please reach out to Avi Schwab on the Event Organizers Slack. We'll be having meetings at least bi-monthly and working asynchronously between them to develop the charter. We're committed to ensuring global accessibility, and as such will be alternating meeting times across the globe.
There are Drupal modules loved by both developers and content editors. One of them is Layout Builder. It allows to create page layout templates of various complexity via a handy drag-and-drop interface. The chance to do it with a built-in user-friendly tool is among best Drupal 8 benefits.
Drupalcamp Spain 2019 took place last week in the beautiful city of Conil, in the South of Spain. We had not only great weather, food, company… but also great sessions! This year’s schedule also included the Spanish Splash Awards, Business Day and even a side-event for those accompanying attendees, called Family in Drupal, where they did activities such as yoga, surfing, horse-riding, etc.Fran Garcia-Linares Wed, 05/15/2019 - 11:22
Drupalcamp Spain was a great gathering of people from not only Spain but many other countries. In fact, they offered two separate tracks, one in Spanish and one in English. As usual, it was difficult to choose which sessions to attend, but I think I got a really good mix and enjoyed them all thoroughly.
It’s also worth mentioning the registration bag that included a (very discreet) T-shirt, a bottle of wine (so my wife would be okay with me leaving her with the kids), a bottle of olive oil, some local tuna (Conil is a fishing town) and some other goodies.
I especially enjoyed the Friday afternoon English-track, which was “all about decoupled”. We saw an example of a project which started as a Drupal commerce site with some React components, which eventually became an app built in React native, integrating seamlessly with Drupal via GraphQL.
That was the perfect introduction to my talk, which was up next, about “GraphQL and Twig”, where I went through the whole process of installing, configuring and using GraphQL queries in your Twig templates, as a way of soft-decoupling some parts of your site. You can view the slides here: https://slides.com/fjgarlin/graphql-twig-drupalcamp-spain-2019.
I was very glad to see that my session seemed interesting and useful to attendees and I enjoyed getting to answer some questions right after the session and the following day. People were surprised about how easy it is to get up and running and how powerful this combination can be as well. The closing session on Friday afternoon was about Drupal + GatsbyJS, showing how easy it is to connect those two technologies and doing a live demo about it.Group photo - Jorge Caspio
Saturday was also loaded with interesting content, and I ended up going to sessions on topics ranging from QA, SEO, UX, Migrations, Continuous Integration, Content architecture… that’s a good mix for a day, isn’t it? The speakers were really engaging and I must say that I learned a lot on that day. I also enjoyed learning how other agencies work, how we all face similar problems and solve them in different (or sometimes similar) ways. It’s always refreshing to listen to other people's experiences. I must say that most of these learnings happened in-between sessions, chatting and walking around Conil, etc.
I want to give a big, big thanks to all the people who made this event possible: organizers (Ruben Tejeiro, 1xInternet, Drupal association Spain), speakers, photographer (Jorge Carpio), volunteers and attendees from all over.
Looking forward to next year’s edition, ¡muchas gracias por todo!